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ISO 27001

ISO/IEC 27001 - Information security management

ISO/IEC 27001 formally indicates an Information Security Management System (ISMS), a suite of exercises concerning the administration of data dangers (called 'data security dangers' in the standard). The ISMS is an all-encompassing administration structure through which the association recognizes, breaks down and addresses its data dangers. The ISMS guarantees that the security courses of action are calibrated to keep pace with changes to the security dangers, vulnerabilities and business impacts - a critical viewpoint in such a dynamic field, and a key favorable position of ISO27k's adaptable hazard driven approach when contrasted with, say, PCI-DSS.

The standard covers a wide range of associations (e.g. business undertakings, government organizations, non-benefits), all sizes (from smaller scale organizations to gigantic multinationals), and all ventures or markets (e.g. retail, saving money, resistance, social insurance, training and government). This is unmistakably a wide short.

ISO/IEC 27001 does not formally command particular data security controls since the controls that are required differ extraordinarily over the extensive variety of associations embracing the standard. The data security controls from ISO/IEC 27002 are noted in attach A to ISO/IEC 27001, rather like a menu. Associations receiving ISO/IEC 27001 are allowed to pick whichever particular data security controls are pertinent to their specific data dangers, drawing on those recorded in the menu and possibly supplementing them with other individually choices (now and again known as broadened control sets). Similarly as with ISO/IEC 27002, the way to selecting appropriate controls is to embrace a complete appraisal of the association's data dangers, which is one key part of the ISMS.

Moreover, administration may choose to stay away from, exchange or acknowledge data hazards instead of relieve them through controls - a hazard treatment choice inside the hazard administration prepare.

ISO 27002 contains 12 main sections:

  1. Risk assessment
  2. Security policy
  3. Organization of information security
  4. Asset management
  5. Human resources security
  6. Physical and environmental security
  7. Communications and operations management
  8. Access control
  9. Information systems acquisition, development and maintenance
  10. Information security incident management
  11. Business continuity management
  12. Compliance

Organisations are required to apply these controls appropriately in line with their specific risks. Third-party accredited certification is recommended for ISO 27001 conformance.

Other standards being developed in the 27000 family are:

  • 27003 – implementation guidance.
  • 27004 - an information security management measurement standard suggesting metrics to help improve the effectiveness of an ISMS.
  • 27005 – an information security risk management standard. (Published in 2008)
  • 27006 - a guide to the certification or registration process for accredited ISMS certification or registration bodies. (Published in 2007)
  • 27007 – ISMS auditing guideline.